Information provided by Pop's
Wood has long been the material of choice for quality
furniture for many good reasons:
Wood is available in various colors, grains and
hardnesses. It can be cut and shaped into a large
variety of attractive designs.
Wood is shock-resistant and very durable, generally
outlasting synthetic materials. Scratches and nicks
are easy to touch up.
Wood has lasting value. Genuine wood furniture may
cost more in the beginning, but it often grows in
value as it is handed down from one generation to
With ready-to-finish wood furniture you can add
and match other pieces at any time. This is often
not possible with prefinished furniture.
Types of Wood:
Ready-to-finish furniture is available in many types
of wood, each with special characteristics. And
because each tree yields lumber with its own grain
patterns and character markings, each piece of genuine
wood furniture has a unique personality.
You may not be familiar with every type of wood,
but all make quality furnishings of various types.
Furniture will be happy to advise you about
the stains and finishes to use for best results
on each type. Here are the kinds of wood commonly
used to make ready-to-finish furniture:
is a hardwood from the Pacific Northwest. It is
very consistent in color and takes stain well. It
ranks second behind pine as the wood most commonly
used for ready-to-finish furniture. Alder gives
the look of many fine hardwoods such as Birch or
Western Maple at a reasonable price.
is a softwood that comes in many varieties from
various parts of the world. In the U.S., Eastern
White Pine, Ponderosa Pine and Sugar Pine are some
of the varieties used to make furniture. All have
yellow coloring with brown knots and are excellent
for staining. With some stains a sealer helps prepare
the wood to achieve a more even look.
Pine is a plantation-grown wood from South
America that is harder than other pines and has
fewer knots. This variety of pine has a beautiful
from the Far East is used for much of the furniture
made in that part of the world. The wood is as hard
as maple or ash and takes a very even stain. It
is yellow in color, with a grain similar to oak
(often referred to as Malaysian Oak).
is a very hard, open-grain wood that comes in red
or white varieties. Red Oak, which has a pinkish
cast, is the more popular of the two. White Oak
has a slight greenish cast. Both woods stain well
in any color.
is especially abundant in the eastern U.S. It is
a very light-colored hardwood with a very even grain
texture. Eastern maples are generally harder than
Western Maples because of the colder winters and
shorter growing seasons. Both are very durable and
take any color of stain well.
is a long-fibered, light-colored hardwood with a
tight grain much like Birch or Maple. It is good
for bending, takes stain well and is used mainly
for chairs and stools.
is a softer, light-colored, even-grained hardwood.
It accepts most stains well, but may need a sealer
or a coat of mineral spirits to achieve an even
stain. Non-penetrating stains work best on this
grows primarily in the Northeast and Canada. It
is a cream-colored hardwood often used for sporting
equipment, such as baseball bats. It has an open
grain pattern similar to that of Oak and takes stains
is a fine-grained hardwood that grows primarily
in the Northeast and Canada. White in color, it
takes any color of stain well.
is a hardwood that earns high marks for strength,
durability and offers excellent weathering characteristics.
Shorea is a tropical hardwood native to
Southeast Asia that has much of the same characteristics
as Teak. It is denser and heavier than Teak and
its color, like Teak, will turn a soft grey over
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